mom. Organic Gardening. April 06th , 2018.
As a part of nature, worms has the beneficial jobs to till and aerate the soil. They tunnel very deep, leaving small tunnels through the soil that disintegrate earth chunk allowing air to enter the soil and water to flow down and drain away. Worms bring organic matters to the deep levels of soil as well as increase the depth of the top layer of soil. Their main job is to break down decomposing organic matters, turn them into nutrients for plants.
It’s necessary to preserve ideal soil structure in organic gardening. Unlike automatic tillers, earthworms don’t damage the soil. They also don’t suffer from mechanical breakdowns and wont make loud noise and pollute the environment. They are very effective machines that use waste for their fuel – employ them to dispose your garden or kitchen scraps.
DIY Worm Farming
Nowadays, commercial organic worm farms are common and available. Their products are also simple to use and somewhat visually pleasing. For starters, you can buy a small amount of worms. Choose Tiger Worms or Red Worms. If you’ve already set up a proper 'home' for the worms, that’s good as you don't have to pay out more money.
Place two laundry tubs in a cool place in your kitchen door or next to your cultivating area. Place the tubs on a high ground to ease you in collecting the fertilizer. Unplug the plugs and place a strainer into the hole to drain excess water. For the first tub, fill it with compost and mix it with some agricultural/dolomite lime and half bucket of soil. Put a bucket beneath the plug-hole and spray some water into the mix until it’s saturated and let it drip into the bucket.
Now you can start to place your first population of organic worms and after that protect the surface with old carpet, wet cardboard, or similar materials. Worms habitat is underground so they will live well in a cool, moist and dark environment. For starters, you can buy a tub contains 500 to 1000 worms. You can get them from worm breeders and now you can even order them online. They’re also available on some garden supply stores.
A tight-fitting lid on the containers will make your worms to suffocate, so you have to use a screened lid or fly-screen to repel flies and other unwanted insects. For the first month, you have to keep your worm farm moist, but not in awash condition. Once you have established your farm, you don’t need to add to it extra water. If your worm farm is unprotected from the rain, you have to left out the plug or otherwise your beloved worms will get drown.
The compost is actually enough to feed your worms for some time, but to get the best breeding result, you might want to add supplementary feed once in several few days, particularly if the worm population begins to increase. Mix a spoon of dolomite or lime into one kilo of food. Rotate their feed using the menu below:
- a half bucket of water and horse or cow manure, mixed with a slop and spread them on the surface.
- a mix of household wastes (but no citrus, meat or onion peel), mixed with a slop and spread them on the surface;
- rotten fruits, pumpkins or potatoes; just spread them on the surface;
- half bucket of compost, just spread them on the surface.
Worms also love to consume soaked pizza boxes, papers, cardboards and leaves, hair, dirt, egg shells, etc. Worms have no teeth, so you should cut the scraps into small pieces first- the scraps from your vegetable juicer is good materials. Scraps from onion family (shallots, leeks and garlic) and citruses contain evaporative oils. If you include any of them in the scraps, your worms will climb out from their nests to avoid the smell. Wait for several months and your tub will be filled with a huge amount of worms, and that’s the time for you to start colonize your second tub.
Fill the second tub with mixture of lime,compost and soil until half full. Place a strainer into the plug-hole and after that water the mix until it’s saturated. Put the plug of the plug-hole of the first tub. Put a hose into the first tub and set it to just dribbling until the tub is half-full, REMEMBER not to fill the tub right up. Place the cover on top of the tub to ward off light. The worms live in the tub will be migrating upward to avoid drowning.
Pick up the worms and reserve some of them to be put in your garden. The rest can be transferred to the second tub. Leave out the plug from the first tub and empty it into a bucket. Now you have a bucket contains liquid fertilizer rich with nutrients and a half-full tub of worm castings.
From there, you can repeat the process once every month; you can transfer a third amount of your precious organic worms into the garden or let them as food for your chickens. This also ensures you to have a supply of liquid fertilizer and worm castings always ready. Give them to your plants and they will grow healthy!
Happy organic gardening!
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