mom. Organic Gardening. January 15th , 2018.
Inorganic Fertilizers are produced from synthetic chemicals while Organic Fertilizers are coming from natural, organic material. This is an oversimplification of course and the differences between inorganic and Organic Fertilizers sometimes could get blurry. For instance, minerals that occurred naturally like mine rock phosphate, limestone and saltpeter, although they are technically considered inorganic, have been widely used as fertilizers since centuries ago and they are safe to use just like the organic fertilizers.
The natural-based Organic Fertilizers are created from decayed organic materials, like animal and plant matter. As they decays, those organic material decompose its water and mineral components. The process produces biomass with rich and high quality nutrient.
Compost is a type of Organic Fertilizers, that is commonly used by gardeners. It can be made using organic waste such as grass clippings, dead leaves and leftover food. Compost can also be made from animal manure. It contains rich nutrient too and people has been used it for fertilizer since ancient times. Certain plants can also be used as fertilizers, such as pet moss and seaweed.
ANYTHING WRONG WITH INORGANIC CHEMICAL-BASED FERTILIZERS?
Inorganic fertilizers has synthesized chemicals as their ingredients which weren’t occurred naturally and possess bad effects for the environment. The application of such dangerous chemicals, if used extensively for a long time, can harm the local ecosystem.
The chemical pollution commonly occurs when the rain comes. The synthetic materials get washed out into the rainwater draining way. Then the chemical pollutants flows into streams and ponds, where they pollute the water environment and kill water creatures. The chemicals eventually will eventually penetrate into the groundwater which is the source of water for humans and animals.
Ultimately, some crop plants will absorb the chemicals as they grow. When humans eat such crops, they will also absorb the chemicals. On the long term, the chemicals build up in human’s body will harm the person’s health.
ORGANIC FERTILIZER IS A BETTER OPTION
Obviously, organic fertilizers contains organic matters, which are nature-friendly and don’t harm the ecosystem.
They are also as effective as synthetic fertilizers in encouraging plants growth. They are more diluted - as opposed to concentrated synthetic fertilizers - throughout a hefty amount of biomass. This means you are required to apply more amount of Organic Fertilizer in order to get the same effect achieved by a certain amount of synthetic fertilizer. The silver lining of this is that the nutrients are gradually released at a slower but more consistent rate during the crops growth period. This prevents the vicious boom and bust cycle which commonly happens when synthetic fertilizers is being applied.
A study taken place in Sweden comparing organic and synthetic fertilizers concluded that both types did their job well in boosting crops compared to unfertilized fields. But field being treated with Organic Fertilizers produce higher yield compared to the field with synthetic fertilizers (65% to 50%). That’s a pretty large percentage gap.
We hope you have some of your questions about organic fertilizers get answered by this article. There is so much topics of organic gardening you can learn. Do your own personal research first to get the right organic fertilizer your garden needs.
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